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What properties of inheritance did Mendel discover by studying pea plants?

Week 7 Chapter Questions
Part IV: Reading Life
Chapter 21: Gregor Mendel (1865)

1. What is the ‘blending theory’ of inheritance?

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2. What properties of inheritance did Mendel discover by studying pea plants?

3. Where did the terms ‘chromosome’ and ‘gene’ arise from?
Chapter 23: James Watson (and Francis Crick) (1968)

1. Explain how each scientist contributed to ‘the secret of life’:

– Hooke

– Dujardin and Purkinje

– Schleiden and Schwann

– Schultz

– Wohler

– Payen and Persoz

– Miescher

– Levene

2. What did Thomas Hunt Morgan contribute to the field of genetics?

3. How were studies in fruit flies able to discover that genes were actually molecules (i.e. chemicals)?

4. Explain the ‘one gene one enzyme’ hypothesis, including who proposed it and what discoveries shaped it.

5. Why did the model of DNA proposed by Watson and Crick ‘immediately suggest a possible copying mechanism’?

6. What is the ‘central dogma’ of modern biology, in your own words?

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