188 Florida Early Learning and Developmental Standards for Four-Year-Olds
V. COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT AND GENERAL KNOWLEDGE FOUR-YEAR-OLDS Related Skills Within The Standards IV. Language, Communication, and Emergent Literacy
C.1.a., C.1.b., C.1.c., C.2.a., C.2.b.
V. Cognitive Development and General Knowledge
A.a.2.a., A.a.2.b., A.a.2.c., A.a.3.a., A.a.3.b., A.a.3.c., A.b.1.a., A.b.1.b., A.c.4.a., A.c.4.b., A.d.4., A.f.2.a., A.f.2.b., A.f.2.c.
Teacher Tips Children this age may need help initially in verbalizing the differences that they see between objects and events. Environmental Considerations Provide a variety of books about nature and science.
B. Scientific Inquiry a. Investigation and Inquiry 2. Examines objects and makes comparisons Scientific inquiry involves asking questions, observing and making comparisons. Four-year-olds make comparisons when they notice how objects and events are related and use their growing language skills to describe a relationship they observe. Experiences with varied materials and opportunities to try things out and see how things work help children understand concepts of same and different and draw comparisons among objects in their world. Examples illustrating this standard include: using comparative terminology, verbally or by signing, to compare two or
more objects (e.g., “This bucket is heavier than that one”; “This ball is bigger than these other two balls”; “A rock is heavier than a feather.”)
using descriptive terminology, verbally or by signing, to describe objects (e.g., “This rock is hard and smooth, and that rock is hard and very bumpy.” “Cotton is soft and a wooden block is hard.”)
discussing and comparing which items sink and which items float in the water table.
Supportive Instructional Strategies: Provide a variety of nature objects (e.g., shells, rocks, seeds) to examine
and compare using all the senses. Use every day events (e.g., weather, birds gathering at the bird feeder) to
help children learn about nature. Prepare for special visitors or field trips by generating questions beforehand
and charting answers after the event. Start an herb garden in pots to compare how the leaves look, smell, feel,