Please use the vignettes below and identify a differential reinforcement procedure that is most appropriate for each of these situations and type of behavior to address the problem, and describe your procedures (include the specific DR procedure and why, data collection methods, type of reinforcement and the procedure, and hypothetical data depicting baseline and intervention outcomes.)
1. Jack is a five year old Kindergarten student diagnosed with high functioning autism who hits and kicks peers in close proximity when sitting on the floor during circle time and while lining up to transition to other settings. Baseline data indicate that the student hits or kicks his peers approximately every 70 seconds. Jack is highly reinforced by jumping on the trampoline in the classroom.
2. Marie is a 30 year old with a diagnosis of a mild developmental disability who attends an adult day program performing assembly tasks for pay per item assembled in accordance with the standards needed to sell the items to a client company. She recently has shown a reduction in her hourly production rates which has resulted in reduced paychecks as well as reduced revenues for the day program as a result of fewer assembled products.
3. Jen is a 14 year old with a diagnosis of autism who has been having difficulty completing her morning routine and getting to her bus in time to go to school. This has resulted in conflicts between Jen and her parents as well as resulting in her mother having to drive her to school, making her late for work. Her parents would like to increase her proficiency and speed with getting up in the morning and completing her morning routine and getting the bus on time.
4. Tom is a 15 year old with diagnoses of ADHD and difficulty with impulse control who tends to call out in class without being called on by the teacher or raising his hand. Due to the high frequency of the behavior (average of 15 times per hour), it seems complete elimination of the behavior may not be the best short-term approach. Hence, the IEP team has requested behavior consultation services to reduce the problem behavior to an “acceptable” rate per hour.